The Arctic region is planet’s climate generating hub, and any shifts of the situation within the region are important indicator of global climate changes. During the last decades, serious transformations have been observed here. Increasing flows of warm air from low latitudes have led to the rise in surface air temperature. And the change of temperature has resulted in significant decrease in the ice area and its thickness.

As regards temperature patterns, the research data shows that the temperature in the Arctic region increases faster than in the rest of the world. Such tendency can lead to the extinction of…


On the 20th of May, the government of Serbia has signed a contract with the European Investment Bank (EIB) to get a €25 million loan for building of gas interconnector between Bulgaria and Serbia, with total length of 170 km. The €25 million loan from the bank of the European Union will enable the diversification of Serbia’s energy supply and strengthen energy networks in South East Europe, will support rapid integration of the region into the EU energy market, and, finally, improve competition and attract more investments.

Lilyana Pavlova, EIB Vice-President, responsible for lending operations in Serbia, positively assessed the…


How did Russia manage to get a foothold in the Central African Republic, a former French colony, where the influence of official Paris is still very great?

Over the past 20 years, 70% of the territory of the CAR has been controlled by rebel groups defending the interests of Christians (90% of the population) and Muslims (10% compactly living in the north). According to UN estimates, Muslims are objectively a discriminated marginal group that has problems with access to health care, education and administrative services (for example, issuing identity documents). …


Several countries of the Central African region appeared on the brink of complete dissolution at once -€“ not surprisingly, that Russia, which is situated very far from the Equator, has had a hand in this.

Actually, in the second half of the XIX century, when “€œwhite master” from Europe had come to rule in impudent manner, different parts of African continent remained approximately at the same development level. Africa was one of the most desirable parts of “€œcolonial pie”€ the German Empire had not managed to bite -€“ the issue which had become one of the important reasons of the…


One of the leaders of the European Union, Germany, can dramatically change its approach to the Russian Federation’s policy.

Let’s look at the historical background of the question. Leader of the ruling party of the country, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Angela Merkel in 2018 left the position of the party’s leader and announced that she will not run for the German Chancellor post in the 2021 parliamentary elections. On April 11, Marcus Söder, the leader of the Christian Social Union (CSU), the Bavarian State Premier and Armin Laschet, who became CDU leader in January 2021 joined the vie for…


In the European news landscape, information about two mysterious deaths last year, directly related to the Russian special services and the Kremlin’s propaganda comes into the foreground. Generally speaking, honest, unbiased journalism in Russia died long ago — only propaganda flourishes. That is why news coverage, preparation of political talk shows, and even the creation of entertainment content — everything is brought into line with the one task: broadcasting the Kremlin’s messages and shaping public opinion favourable for V. Putin and special services.

In doing so, the Russians are acting in big-picture terms — the messages necessary for the Kremlin…


On April 14, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced the need to strengthen military cooperation with Russia. The question is the possible expansion of the Russian military base №102 already operating within the Armenian territory and creating its branches in other regions. Such rhetoric was a result of the defeat of the Armenian armed forces in the second war over Nagorno-Karabakh last fall, where the victory went to Azerbaijan.

It is worth mentioning that Pashinyan came to power amid massive anti-corruption protests in the spring of 2018. And although neither he nor anyone from his entourage spoke about plans to weaken…


Losing a case in court, falling stock prices, failing an undercover agent do not always and not necessarily mean a total defeat. Sometimes it is possible to completely minimize all risks and negative consequences. Moreover, you can lose in one, while achieve your goals in another!

This seems to be the case with the numerous failures of Russian spies in Western countries, which Moscow does not seem to be concerned about. There is an opinion that Russia is skillfully using the disclosures of its scouts, sleeper agents and agents of influence in the West for certain specific purposes.

So, over…


After Russia illegally occupied the peninsula in 2014, adherence to the law and human rights has become quite conditional concept in Crimea. As the dissatisfaction of the indigenous population with the actions of the new authorities grew, the relevant bodies of the Russian Federation fell into more harsh response to any manifestations of free thought, criticism of the authorities, and disagreement with the illegal occupation of Crimea. And given the current aggravation of the situation between the countries, it is not surprising that the Kremlin is now actively looking for “Ukrainian spies” in the Crimea.

The “trial” of journalist Vladislav…


With the escalation of climate change, global attention is increasingly focusing on the need to accelerate the transition to clean energy in order to reduce the related risks. However, in the EU’s energy imports today crude oil with a 69% prevails, followed by natural gas with 16%.

At the same time, as we know, the main supplier of energy resources to the EU is Russia, which provides about 40% of gas for Europe. Norway and Algeria account for a significant share of total EU gas imports. Norwegian fields in the North Sea are connected by underwater highways with several European…

Tony Williams

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